On November 19th, 1600 King Charles I was born in Dunfermline Palace, Fife. He was the second son of King James VI of Scotland who went on to take the thrones of England and Ireland as well in 1603. Described as a sickly and frail infant, when the royal family left for London, Charles was left behind in Scotland for his health. All his life, Charles had a Scots accent, as well as a slight stammer.
When his brother Henry died in 1612, Charles became the new heir and succeeding his father to the thrones of the three kingdoms, England, Scotland and Ireland, in 1625. Like his father, Charles believed in the divine right to rule, that his power came from God and other institutions such as the House of Parliament in London should not temper that right. Rifts came between the king and parliament that would eventually lead to warfare between in 1642.
After three years of warfare, it was a Scottish force who Charles I ultimately surrendered to. He was then handed over to the English Parliament who after unsuccessful attempts to establish a constitutional monarchy, tried him for high treason against the state. Charles was convicted and executed in January, 1649. After a period of republic, his son Charles II was restored to the throne in 1660, continuing the Scottish Stuart line that would rule for another fifty years.
At MUSA you can see the beautiful collection of Archery Medals produced by the winners of the Silver Arrow Competition held at the University of St Andrews including those won by students who were both supporters of Charles I and adversaries.